Dr. Lynn T. Staheli, Director of the Department of Orthopedics at Children's Hospital and Medical Center in Seattle, Washington in the United States, after an extensive study concluded that children with the healthiest feet were those who usually went barefoot. The myth that child shoe should be firm, could compare to the fallacy of communism, according to Dr. Staheli: "People develop more when they are free, and the foot grows best when free" (www.drrondonpediatra.com/problemas_ortopedicos.htm)
The use of shoes in babies is a very important issue because it depends on not only the ease of travel and the fact of giving comfort to the child, but even more importantly, contributing to its proper physical and motor development to avoid problems in column or muscle injuries.
The best practice is that babies are home barefoot especially between 11 months and older that is when it starts to walk, there are half the zapamedias spiked shoes and fabric laminated and used for beach skirts whose soles are very thin to help in this aspect in times of winter. It is important that children can have direct contact with different types of surfaces such as grass, sand, etc. as this will allow adequate sensory stimulation.
Dr. Staheli recommended for children who already walk, square-shaped shoes that allow them to have enough room in the toe, porous to facilitate ventilation of the foot, but with non-slip flexible soles that will prevent drops in their children.